Which Invention Allows Computers to Be Smaller?

Which discovery made it possible for computers to be smaller? Moore’s Law, transistors, integrated circuits, and microprocessors What is their connection, and how has it influenced computer size? Let’s talk about it. What’s the difference between these three inventions? What does Moore’s Law imply in terms of computer hardware? What distinguishes Moore’s Law from the Law of diminishing returns? What are the benefits of each innovation?


The transistor is a tiny semiconductor device that uses current to operate. Because transistors function with an electrical current, they must be big enough to allow electrons to travel through them. Today’s transistors are ten millionths a meter and couldn’t get much smaller. However, this did not deter scientists from attempting to make transistors smaller. In reality, several of them have merged into a single atom.

The original computers were bulky and relied on vacuum tubes. The computer got smaller and more dependable as technology advanced. The early computers used vacuum tubes and octal-based tubes. To operate, the ENIAC computer needed a whole room. The ENIAC, the first transistor computer, contained about 18,000 tubes and measured 1800 square feet. Transistors allowed computers to be smaller and quicker without increasing the number of components by the 1970s.

Circuits integrated

Using integrated circuits in computer systems has resulted in significantly smaller and more powerful machines than their predecessors. These gadgets are smaller and may be utilized in practically any electrical equipment. Integrated circuits are used in many everyday things, including smartphones and mobile phones. Indeed, these technologies were critical to the advancement of the digital revolution. If you want to discover more about the significance of these technologies, keep reading!

A semiconductor such as silicon allows the computer to have a lower form size. The most significant advantage of this circuit form is that it may include millions, if not billions, of components. Because the dies on integrated circuits are too tiny, you cannot solder them separately. Creating an IC is similar to making a picture, except that the silicon layers are thin, and the transistors are constructed of silicon rather than other materials.


Smaller computers have evolved from the miniaturization of computer components. Smaller components may do the same task with fewer parts. Consider a 1950s television and how you may find many of the same components in today’s computers. Fortunately, as the components became smaller, so did the computers. As components became smaller and computers became more powerful, their sizes also shrunk.

Microprocessors have been utilized in various physical devices, in addition to computers, for decades. In mining, for example, automated machinery may replace human workers. These machines will not only save lives, but they will also be able to dig deeper for more lucrative metals. The advantages of remote operation are many. Microprocessors are also becoming increasingly common as technology advances. Microprocessors have made computers smaller and more dependable.

Moore’s Principle

Moore’s Law caused computers to become more powerful and smaller. This theory predicts the evolution of the computer industry by projecting 18-month exponential improvements in processor performance. These advancements were made feasible by decreasing transistors and cables, reducing the overall size. Moore’s Law may seem to be a limitless source of progress, but it can only go so far. Computers may get so compact that they can fit on a standard desktop or laptop.

For years, the impacts of miniaturization have been enormous, but this trend is diminishing. Programmers have spent the last decade making code more straightforward to write and execute quicker. Consequently, this tendency has resulted in inefficiency, but it has been accepted since faster computer processors can compensate. Researchers from MIT’s Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory highlighted three areas for future study that you should address.